Psychological Dependence Risk Factors & Examples What is Psychological Dependence? Video & Lesson Transcript – Wizard Smoke Shop

Psychological Dependence Risk Factors & Examples What is Psychological Dependence? Video & Lesson Transcript

They also let you pinpoint dysfunctional patterns that you can change to prevent future drug abuse. In summary, the DSM-V incorporates elements of both psychological and physical addiction into the diagnosis of a substance use disorder and does not prioritize one over the other.

  • In order for addiction treatment to be effective, patients must receive treatment for their physical and psychological symptoms.
  • The spectrum of alcohol withdrawal symptoms range from such minor symptoms as insomnia and tremulousness to severe complications such as withdrawal seizures and delirium tremens.
  • Psychological dependence is an emotional state caused by how chemicals affect the brain.
  • This is a symptom of psychological dependency versus physical dependency.
  • Changes such as mood swings, irritability, and cravings occur when alcohol is not consumed.

Physical addiction manifests itself in a physical way affecting the body. Physical addiction dependency is chemical level changes in the brain that are changed by the addictive chemicals in the drugs. Sana Lake Recovery Centeris a Joint Commission Accredited addiction treatment program.

What is Psychological Dependence? | Psychological Dependence Symptoms, Examples & Treatment

Their presence might indicate that an individual is on the road to addiction, but they are only part of addiction as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistics Manual-5 (DSM-5). Several different treatment options are available to help people who are psychologically dependent on a substance.

As a result, painful withdrawal symptoms set in, causing most people to reach for the drug to make the pain go away. The inability to stop using drugs even after health problems arise is another symptom of psychological dependency versus physical dependency. Here at Sana Lake, we offer several programs that can help each patient individually. Not being able to stop drug usage is a common symptom of psychological dependency versus physical dependency. This is a behavior that is symptomatic of psychological dependency. It is possible that you’ve already moved past the dependence stage, which is why early detection of these symptoms is key.

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Continuing to abuse drugs and alcohol despite negative consequences to your relationships, job, finances, and health. Belief that you need drugs or alcohol to function or be successful in certain situations, for example, social situations, family events, sleeping, or work. Meisch R. Relationship between physical dependence on ethanol and reinforcing properties of ethanol in animals. Role of alpha-2 adrenoceptors in stress-induced reinstatement of alcohol seeking and alcohol self-administration in rats.

physiological dependence on alcohol

Medical detox helps you safely and comfortably get through the ill physical effects and negative mental symptoms of withdrawal. At the end of detox, you enjoy being clean and sober for the first time since your addiction set in. You also feel ready for rehab treatment, to address the problems that led you into dependence, in the first place.

Physical Dependence

However, certain substances have a higher risk of physical dependence than others. For example, drugs like alcohol, benzodiazepines, methamphetamine, and opioids may result in physical dependence faster than drugs like marijuana or ecstasy.

At Santé Center for Healing, you undergo customized addiction recovery that focuses on long-term sobriety. You receive the care you need to overcome both types of dependency. The brain is significantly impacted by addiction.Research has found that long-term use of drugs or alcohol can cause physical changes in the brain, in addition to changes in the way hormones and neurotransmitters, are used by the body. Changes in the brain can affect your mood, memory, thinking, and behavior, as well as the way your organs function.

How Addiction Affects the Brain

Lopez MF, Becker HC. Effect of pattern and number of chronic ethanol exposures on subsequent voluntary ethanol intake in C57BL/6J mice. Corticotropin-releasing factor 1 antagonists selectively reduce ethanol self-administration in ethanol-dependent rats. Dhaher R, Finn D, Snelling C, Hitzemann R. Lesions of the extended amygdala in C57BL/6J mice do not block the intermittent ethanol vapor-induced increase in ethanol consumption. Consuming more alcohol further suppresses brain chemicals and activity, resulting in temporary relief but, ultimately, causes more discomfort when the brain tries to return to a normal state. When sobriety is achieved and maintained, the chemical balance in the body and brain will return to normal, and the individual’s true personality and vitality will be recovered. If someone is experiencing any of these symptoms, they have likely become psychologically addicted to a substance.

What’s the difference between a physical and physiological dependence?

Psychological dependency is defined as dependence on a substance. While physical dependence is associated with substance use disorders, this does not always happen. Marijuana is often classified as a non-physically addictive substance.

Addiction is a central condition that is characterized by unmanageable cravings, an inability to control drug use, compulsive drug use, and use despite inflicting harm on oneself or others. The destructive behaviors of addiction are borne of uncontrollable cravings—they are among the primary motivators of addiction itself. What is physiological dependence if not a warning that you need to quit using?

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Flurazepam and other BZDs are classified as schedule IV controlled substances, capable of causing dependence, tolerance, physiological dependence on alcohol and abuse. Only a few case reports of acute liver injury from flurazepam have been published and mostly before 1980.

physiological dependence on alcohol

Although currently few treatments are available for tackling this significant health problem and providing relief for those suffering from the disease, there is hope. When people continue to use drugs or alcohol after becoming tolerant to them, they will develop a physical dependence where they experience withdrawal symptoms when they don’t take the drug.


You need to buy more and more drugs, leaving you with less and less money for life’s essentials. There is also an overlapping of symptoms of psychological effects and physical effects. An example of one of these effects of overlapping symptoms is to redirect your food budget to buy the substance in question, which is a psychological effect. However, by doing this, you are unable to consume enough nutrients which in turn is a physical effect. Psychological dependence is when the use of substance ties to a feeling or event, called triggers. It’s not quite the same as physiological dependence, because it requires a trigger for you to crave that substance. Not unlike addiction, physiological dependency changes your brain chemistry.

  • Psychological dependence is not to be confused with physical dependence, which induces physical withdrawal symptoms upon discontinuation of use.
  • Veatch LM, Becker HC. Electrographic and behavioral indices of ethanol withdrawal sensitization.
  • The CAGE questionnaire, the name of which is an acronym of its four questions, is a widely used method of screening for alcoholism.
  • A person becomes addicted when they use drugs for short-term satisfaction despite a long-term negative outcome.

But in a quality detox and rehab treatment program, you receive the help you need to free yourself from your dependencies. Alcohol use can cause irreversible liver damage and breaks down within the body into a known carcinogen³. The physical side effects of drug use are often enough for people to want to stop, but they may require medical treatment to overcome their withdrawals safely. In at least three to four paragraphs, write an essay that discusses how psychological dependence on substances can alter a person’s behaviors. Also address the differences between simply enjoying something and developing a psychological dependence on it. People can develop a psychological dependence on behaviors or activities such as gambling. The feeling of winning sends signals to the brain that make a person feel good.

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